The children have now need to apply their knowledge of number and addition to subtraction. It’s is important the children are first introduced to the concept of subtraction rather than the symbol straightway. The use of zero is important so children know that when nothing is taken away the whole remains the same. Also using first, then now story representations can help.

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Aut1.8.1 – Subtraction – taking away – crossing out from White Rose Maths on Vimeo.